Table 3.

Performance on short-answer exam items by type of whiteboarding activity

Type of Whiteboard Activity201120122015
Concept mapping38.01 (0.04)*36.29 (0.03)53.26 (0.04)*
Interpreting a diagram53.65 (0.03)54.42 (0.03)62.34 (0.03)
Using a mathematical formula62.42 (0.03)*69.17 (0.03)78.86 (0.03)*
Mapping the sequence of events50.71 (0.04)*69.17 (0.03)*73.37 (0.03)
Verbal explanation with a diagram55.59 (0.04)51.35 (0.03)*64.78 (0.03)*

Values are means ± SE in %.

  • * † Matching symbols indicate significant between-group pairwise differences, P < 0.05.