Table 1.

Age, height, weight, and cardiorespiratory measures during maximal cycle erometer exercise for 19 women tested at the Lovelace Foundation for the Women in Space Program

19 Women Pilots (Tested 1960–1961)Top 4 Women Pilots (Highest V̇o2max)267 Men Pilots (Tested 1958–1971)
Age, yr32 ± 129 ± 332 ± 1
Height, cm165 ± 1168 ± 3178 ± 1
Weight, kg56 ± 254 ± 276 ± 1
Body mass index, kg/m220.4 ± 0.519.0 ± 0.124.0 ± 0.2
o2max
    l/min1.45 ± 0.051.73 ± 0.052.57 ± 0.04
    ml·min−1·kg−126.4 ± 1.132.2 ± 0.533.9 ± 0.5
Maximal systolic blood pressure, mmHg166 ± 4180 ± 8200 ± 2
Maximal diastolic blood pressure, mmHg86 ± 284 ± 289 ± 1
Maximal heart rate, beats/min180 ± 2176 ± 7184 ± 1
o2max/heart rate, ml·min−1·beat−18.1 ± 0.39.8 ± 0.414.0 ± 0.2
  • Values are means ± SE. V̇o2max, maximal O2 consumption.